WoodWeek – 17 June 2020

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Greetings from your keen news team at WoodWeek. The forestry sector has had a small victory over its minister with Parliament’s environment committee limiting the potential for a new industry regulator to interfere in commercial agreements between growers and log buyers. Please find links below for the select committee report and for further information on the ETS changes.

While highly critical of the proposed legislation, Forest Owners Association president Phil Taylor said the bill had at least encouraged debate about the future of the NZ industry and the importance of local processing in that. But he said that discussion had to be broader than just an argument about the costs of one input – logs.

Looking to export markets, in lieu of the June 2020 edition of the Situation and Outlook for Primary Industries (SOPI), the Ministry for Primary Industries today released the Economic Update for the Primary Industries. The updates shows that the year-to-date primary industries export revenue is tracking 4.5 per cent ($1.7 billion) higher than the previous year. It will come as no surprise that forestry is not the star of this reporting period.

Forestry Minister Shane Jones said that during the level 4 Covid-19 restrictions, forestry and wood processing was not considered an essential service, so the decrease in outputs was in line with what was expected. “This has been an incredibly challenging time for the sector and there is still considerable volatility in the log export sector, which the Government is closely monitoring. However, I am confident forestry and wood processing figures will improve over the coming months and that this multi-billion dollar sector will play a significant role in the economic recovery.”

Finally, before you dive into today's news, we want to acknowledge the massive support for our Forest Industry Safety and Technology Webinar Series running this week. We are genuinely grateful for the support of everyone in our industry and would like to pass on a big vote of thanks to all of the speakers, co- hosts, sponsors and webinar delegates. Yesterday's turnout was fantastic and we look forward to meeting again on Thursday for our last 2 sessions. The online feedback ratings for our speakers showed over 58% of viewers rating them as 'Excellent'. Many of the key messages from our speakers were on the importance of communication and culture in the daily safety tasks that are critical to success in our workdays. Tomorrow's sessions continue the theme with safety communication and technologies for workers in the forest and on our roads.

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Foresters gain small win with bill

MPs move to prevent forestry price controls

1:30pm - See additional reporting below

- The forestry sector has had a small victory over its minister with Parliament’s environment committee limiting the potential for a new industry regulator to interfere in commercial agreements between growers and log buyers.

New legislation intended to establish a register of log traders and forestry advisers is heading back to Parliament after being rushed through a truncated select committee process under Budget urgency. Forestry Minister Shane Jones claimed the measures were required to improve the quality of advice to small woodlot owners and improve the ability of local processors to compete against export log buyers.

One of the most contentious aspects of the Forests (Regulation of Log traders and Forestry Advisers) Amendment Bill was a clause that would allow a new Forestry Authority to set practice standards on everything from land preparation to harvest planning, emissions trading and even sales and purchase agreements for domestic or exports sales.

Many of the hundreds of submitters on the bill had been concerned the government may use those powers to set a volume quota, or a cap on log prices, for domestic processing - potentially breaching World Trade Organisation rules.

Commercial arrangements protected - In its report back to Parliament, the committee has recommended an amendment spelling out that any such rules must not impose conditions or requirements that are “properly a matter for commercial agreement between parties.

That and other amendments make it “clear that price controls would not be able to be imposed by rules,” the committee said in its majority report. “In light of this, the committee is confident that this bill is compliant with New Zealand’s international obligations.”

Forestry and wood processing comprise the country’s third-largest export earner. But despite years of talk from successive governments, domestic processing capacity has not kept pace with the growing harvest profile. Older, smaller mills have also closed as Chinese demand has pushed up log prices and ‘big box’ hardware chains have come to dominate domestic timber purchasing.

The committee heard that New Zealand is one of the few countries in the world that doesn’t subsidise domestic sawmilling or allocate log volume to it. Greater volumes of European logs and wood products are also making their way into NZ’s traditional markets in Australia, Asia and the west coast of the US.

While highly critical of the proposed legislation, Forest Owners Association president Phil Taylor said the bill had at least encouraged debate about the future of the NZ industry and the importance of local processing in that. But he said that discussion had to be broader than just an argument about the costs of one input – logs.

"Wood-First" - For processing to develop there had to be greater demand, and the government’s stalled “wood-first” policy for public construction could be a big part of that, he said.

There also needed to be greater examination of the type of products that could be produced here and how to capture the most value from them, right across the supply chain, Taylor said prior to release of the committee’s report.

Many of the committee’s recommendations fix obvious flaws in the bill – such as spelling out that trucking firms and port companies are not captured by the draft legislation’s loose definition of log trading.

The committee also recommended an exemption from registration for individuals trading less than 2,000 cubic metres of logs a year.

More material requirements were an explicit obligation on the Forestry Authority to ensure that its decision-making on registration, disputes and complaints complied with natural justice.

The new body would also not be allowed to make regulations unless the minister was satisfied they were necessary to meet the legislation’s objectives and that there had been sufficient consultation with affected parties, including iwi, industry bodies and trade unions.

Source: BusinessDesk

STOP PRESS! - Blocking MFAT advice on new Forestry Bill ‘concerning,’ says NZ Initiative

The Government’s refusal to let its skilled public servants advise a Select Committee about new legislation is “deeply concerning,” said The New Zealand Initiative. On Tuesday the Environment Select Committee published its final report on Minister Shane Jones' Forests (Regulation of Log Traders and Forestry Advisers) Bill. Despite the Bill’s many flaws – and an unprecedented chorus of disapproval – it has emerged from the Select Committee largely unsubdued.

The Bill’s purported purpose is to create an occupational licensing regime for log traders and forestry advisers. It deems all forest owners to be “log traders,” thereby subjecting them to the registration and regulatory requirements of the new accreditation scheme.

The New Zealand Initiative chairman Roger Partridge said during the Select Committee process, forestry owners raised concerns that the Bill’s regulation and rule-making powers could be used to require logs to be provided to domestic mills and to otherwise intervene with the commercial terms in log sale and purchase agreements.

But according to the National Party’s dissenting minority view in the Select Committee report, New Zealand’s top trade officials were blocked from advising the Government on how the Bill might hurt the country’s trade relationships.

More from NZ Initiative >>


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Select Committee Report: Forestry Amendment Bill and ETS

Please find links below for the select committee report and for further information on the ETS changes.

Forests (Regulation of Log Traders and Forestry Advisers) Amendment Bill - A copy of the committee’s report on the bill (containing the RT as amended by the slip) is now available on the Parliament website at: www.parliament.nz

More >>

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Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading Reform) Amendment Bill - See this MPI web link for breakdown of key forestry changes: www.mpi.govt.nz

MfE link for breakdown of broader changes and helpful webinar: www.mfe.govt.nz


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Timberlands CEO steps down

Late last week, Robert Green announced his resignation as CEO of Timberlands Ltd, after three and a half years in the job. Timberlands Chairman, Jon Hartley said in a letter shared with Timberlands staff that the KT Shareholders and the Timberlands Board wanted to acknowledge the significant contribution made by the outgoing CEO.

He went on to recognise the growth of the business during Greens’ leadership, and the increasingly strong relationships that the organisation has developed with a wide range of stakeholders. Mr Hartley explained that the Board and Shareholders would be undergoing an external recruitment process to find a suitable successor.

Outgoing CEO Robert Green said that he has always felt honoured and privileged to lead Timberlands. “I am tremendously proud of the body of work delivered during this period, and I would like to thank the team for the significant achievements behind us. We have seen major changes bedded in and have a set of motivating aspirations in front of us. I believe now is the right time for me to step aside and pass the reins to a new leader who will steer Timberlands in the post COVID era.”

Robert Green will be working with the Board to transition the organisation into a new leadership era and said he is looking forward to exploring new opportunities ahead of him.



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Government releases wood prospectus

Government backs investment in wood - The Government is backing the forest and wood- processing industry to play a major role in New Zealand’s economic recovery, with the launch of the Invest in New Zealand Wood Processing prospectus to encourage wider local and offshore investment.

“The Government is confident that the future of the forestry and wood-processing sector will be bright. Our products are held in high regard internationally, and we want investors interested in being part of a sustainable high-value sector that helps support our goal to transition to a low-carbon economy,” Forestry Minister Shane Jones said.

“New Zealand has an abundance of natural resources, access to growing markets around the world, and we are consistently ranked as one of the easiest countries in the world in which to do business.”

The industry has faced some short-term challenges but the medium to long-term outlook is extremely positive as the sector embraces new technologies and looks to develop more high-value products.

“Products will be sold not only within New Zealand but to a much wider range of markets than our logs currently go to, reducing exchange rate risk and building market resilience,” Shane Jones said.

“At present more than 75 per cent of wood from our production forests is exported in different forms including logs, wood chips, sawn timber, engineered wood products and pulp and paper.”

The Log Traders Registration Bill which is currently before select committee would introduce a compulsory registration system for forestry advisers and log traders, help to lift professional standards, provide greater certainty for investors across the supply chain and ensure a more efficient market.

The release of the prospectus coincides with a new investment memorandum from Trust Tairāwhiti, focused on wood-processing opportunities in the region. Due to its significant wood supply and ongoing expansion plans for regional wood-processing, the Tairāwhiti region has been identified as one of the most attractive for investment.

The Government has already invested $19.5 million in the Tairawhiti region’s Wood Processing Centre of Excellence through Trust Tairāwhiti.

More (NZTE Prospectus) >>

More (TTA Wood Cluster Report) >>


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Primary sector on track to lead recovery

Primary sector exports are on track to grow by $1.7 billion on last year helping underpin NZ’s Covid-19 recovery, says Agriculture Minister Damien O’Connor - “Overseas consumers are now more than ever looking for healthy, New Zealand-made food. We’ve seen that with the sustained demand for fresh fruit, particularly in Europe and North America and the strong demand for red meat in China,” Damien O’Connor said.

“Our farmers and growers are in a strong position to help us reboot our economy. Along with the sector, the Government is focused on creating more demand, pursuing greater market opportunities to generate higher export returns and growing rural communities with new jobs.

“In lieu of the June 2020 edition of the Situation and Outlook for Primary Industries (SOPI), the Ministry for Primary Industries today released the Economic Update for the Primary Industries, showing for the year-to- date primary industries export revenue is tracking 4.5 per cent ($1.7 billion) higher than the previous year.

Dairy exports were particularly strong since the start of March, up $512 million (12 per cent) compared to the same time last year. Chinese meat imports surged in the second half of 2019. The animal protein shortage, due to the African swine fever outbreak in China, should help support prices and demand over the next year.

There was a strong start to the season for apple and kiwifruit exporters with revenue up $274 million (18 per cent) on last year since the start of March.

Fisheries Minister Stuart Nash said the Chinese market for rock lobster was significantly affected by COVID-19, but is now showing signs of recovery as seafood markets begin to reopen.

“New Zealand kaimoana enjoys an excellent reputation around the world, built on the hard work of generations of fishing operators. The almost $2 billion in export revenue it brings into the country will be particularly important as we recover from the effects of COVID-19.”

Forestry Minister Shane Jones said that during the level 4 Covid-19 restrictions, forestry and wood processing was not considered an essential service, so the decrease in outputs was in line with what was expected - “This has been an incredibly challenging time for the sector and there is still considerable volatility in the log export sector, which the Government is closely monitoring. However, I am confident forestry and wood processing figures will improve over the coming months and that this multibillion-dollar sector will play a significant role in the economic recovery.”

Damien O’Connor said the report also provides a snapshot of how Covid-19 disrupted New Zealand’s primary industry exports – including logistics issues and more limited air freight options and demonstrates how the sector and MPI worked together to find ways to operate safely under Covid-19 restrictions."

“We are by no means out of the woods and the next few years are going to be tough on some sectors as importers and consumers re-evaluate their priorities in the wake of COVID-19."

“We are committed to supporting our vital primary sector continue to fetch value and create jobs – including $19.3 million to place 10,000 people into primary sector jobs, $127 million for jobs to help control wilding pines and get populations of wallabies under control and the government’s $110 million worker redeployment package, to create employment for people who have lost their jobs."

“The strength of New Zealand’s primary sector coupled with the success of our health response to COVID- 19 gives us a head-start on the world as we get our economy moving again,” Damien O’Connor said.

More >>



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Queens birthday honour for Rob de Fegely

Queens Birthday honour for Australian forest leader - Forest industry icon Rob de Fegely has been honoured in today’s Queens Birthday Honours with a Member of the Order of Australia for 'significant service to the forestry industry through business and advisory roles'.

Chief Executive Officer of the Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA) Ross Hampton said, “This honour is well deserved and will be applauded right around Australia. Rob de Fegely is a learned forester who has for decades displayed a strong public service ethic, taking leadership roles in important bodies and helping shape the future of Australia’s sustainable forest industries.”

“Rob is Chair of Sustainable Timbers Tasmania and Co-Chair of the Federal Minster’s Forest Industry Advisory Council, and is immediate past president of the Australian Institute of Foresters of Australia.”

“Rob has been a persuasive and moderate voice of reason in the sometimes less than reasonable forestry debates regarding native forestry, always delivering the facts with calmness and clarity.”

“This honour is well deserved and reflects well on Rob and the forest industries of this nation”, Mr Hampton concluded.


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ForestX and CollectiveCrunch join forces

ForestX and Collective Crunch to join forces to lead digitalisation of forestry in Sweden - CollectiveCrunch’s one-of-a-kind AI, Linda Forest, will be added to ForestX’s portfolio and the experienced digitalization partner helps customers in Sweden to fully utilize its benefits. CollectiveCrunch and ForestX have entered a partnership to serve the forestry customers in Sweden with a joint offering.

ForestX helps leading forestry players in Sweden and other countries to make use of technological innovations, serving as the leading digitalization partner of Swedish forestry. CollectiveCrunch’s core product Linda Forest is an artificial intelligence that analyses satellite, terrestrial and process data to predict forest inventories. ForestX will become the face of CollectiveCrunch in Sweden, and Linda Forest will be one of the products in ForestX’s high- quality portfolio.

According to Rolf Schmitz, CEO and co-founder of CollectiveCrunch, one of the key benefits of the partnership is that it answers the need of local customer support and expertise: “Linda Forest lives within a wider digitalisation context, and customers are looking for advice and help. Sometimes to integrate Linda Forest, sometimes to address digitalization aspects that go beyond our solution. ForestX is the ideal partner to provide this expertise and service,” he describes.

“We are proud to join forces with CollectiveCrunch to bring its unique forestry specific AI solutions Linda Forest to Sweden. Our specialized team members are on the front lines of technological change in the forest industry. We are pleased to collaborate closely with CollectiveCrunch and to work with the most innovative forestry solutions for our market,” says Carl Barck, CEO and Co-founder of ForestX.


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Wood for Zero Carbon Construction

Use Wood To Achieve Zero Carbon Construction - As the spotlight falls on Forestry, as one of New Zealand’s biggest industries to help revive the economy post lockdown, the New Zealand Forest Sector Forum is asking the question – why isn’t NZ using more locally-sourced wood, and getting behind its zero-carbon construction properties?

We’ve got to use more wood in NZ, reversing the reliance on concrete and steel in our construction. Only by doing this will we mitigate the effects of climate change, increase the use of a naturally renewable resource and strengthen regional economies.

Not only is wood locally produced, supporting approximately 30,000 jobs, but wood is the best choice for the environment. For every tonne of wood material used in construction, it is estimated that 5.7 tonnes of carbon dioxide are saved from release into the atmosphere, and wood requires less energy to produce than any other building material. Basically, trees eat carbon out of the atmosphere and lock it up in wood. The more wood you use, the more carbon is removed from the atmosphere.

On the flipside, concrete (8%) and steel (5%) account for an estimated 13 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions globally between them. Both require huge amounts of fossil fuels and energy to extract, transport and process. Carbon dioxide is also a significant by-product of both. Most New Zealand cement is imported from Malaysia, while our steel mostly comes from China.

Using locally grown timber helps reduce its carbon footprint, as there are no emissions from transporting timber from offshore. This also helps with the government’s suggestion NZ needs to increase our value-add, by processing within NZ and creating manufacturing jobs.

With such a reliance on concrete and steel in current construction, the NZ Forest Sector Forum is asking the question – why don’t New Zealanders use more wood? It’s a locally produced, more environmentally friendly product, which builds our regional communities.

There seem to be three main parts to the answer. Firstly, we are still waiting for the government’s leadership in setting zero-carbon construction rules. These rules will enable buildings to be constructed with minimal environmental footprint. Clear articulation of government’s objectives for the environment and employment is needed, set out in the NZ Building Code.

Secondly, responsibility also lies with architects, engineers and quantity surveyors. We need to change the way these experts think about construction. Much more education is needed on the value of wood and how to use it. The wood sector has made a good start on a re-education programme but needs much more pro-active government support through vocational training, higher education programmes and professional development incentives.

Thirdly, change is also in the hands of the NZ consumer. Why would we not choose NZ wood products over imported alternatives, in the buildings we commission and the homes we live in, while also benefiting from the jobs it creates and the carbon it offsets?


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Carbon market update

Thanks to Carbon Match for this NZU Update - Last week saw NZUs push up to $32 flat by Thursday before dipping a little, last trade $31.75 (Friday).

That is a rise of about $7 over ten trading sessions and the most significant push upward in such a short period of time that we have seen in ten years of the ETS. It will be interesting to see what happens this week.

NZUs have now well surpassed the previous all-time ETS high of $29.25, which was in mid January earlier this year and followed the pre-Christmas announcement by the Government that it was consulting on significant proposed changes to ETS settings.

Delivering on those reforms, the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading Reform) Amendment Bill is looking likely to have its third reading shortly (check this link for details).

For those who haven't been keeping up with it, it is a key change to that Bill that has driven the carbon price to these new highs - specifically the re-instatement of the plan to increase what had been a $25 fixed price option to $35.

While the consultation pre-Christmas had mooted that idea, the $35 change was omitted from the first and second readings of the Bill, and was subsequently introduced in an SOP to the Bill, released only on 2nd June.

Carbon Match, NZUs currently bid $31.55 and offered $32.00 - check back from 1pm for live pricing once the site is open.


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Hefty fine for forestry failings

DNS Products facing fine for forestry failings - Defunct forestry company DNS Forest Products Limited has been convicted and faces a fine of $124,700 for water pollution caused by poor harvesting practice at its Makiri Forest, two years ago.

In Gisborne District Court this week, Judge Brian Dwyer rejected the company’s application for a discharge without conviction. The judge indicated the fine and a reparation order of $15,000 for damage also caused to neighbouring Matuku Station, but did not impose them.

Instead the case was adjourned until July 20. News of the company’s liquidation (in May) came at short notice for legal counsels involved. Specific submisssions were required as to whether provisions in the Companies Act might preclude the penalties being imposed. The court also needed to consider whether under the circumstances it might alternatively impose a conviction and discharge, but that was not his preference, the judge said.

DNS was a commercial forest entity undertaking its core business, which must be expected to comply with best practice and to pay an appropriate commercial penalty when it fails to do so. The judge has earlier sentenced other forestry companies in this region — Juken and Aratu — for similar failings. Deterrence for bad practice is a matter of real importance, he said.

There were extensive plantings on vulnerable land and forestry operations continue on a large scale throughout this region, the judge said. Sentencings for offending such as this must be set at a level that drives compliance and deters poor practice.

DNS admitted a charge under the Resource Management Act that between June 1, 2017, and July 10, 2018, it discharged contaminant — forestry waste and sediment — on to land in circumstances where it might enter water (and did so).

More >>

Source: Gisborne Herald


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Link between trees and EVs

The Link Between Trees and Electric Vehicles - In the fight against climate change, planting forests and the widespread adoption of electric vehicles are often promoted as two important mitigation tools in the climate change toolbox. Most people would not see or expect to see any direct link between trees and electric vehicles. A New Zealand company, CarbonsSape (www.carbonscape.com) has developed unique technology to change that.

CarbonScape’s patented technology transforms sawdust into sustainable graphite. The graphite is produced from sawdust using microwaves in a two-step process. Among the many uses of graphite, a growing demand comes from the lithium battery industry as 25% of a lithium battery is graphite. The graphite is used to construct electrodes in major battery technologies with lithium-ion batteries using twice as much as standard lithium batteries. By 2025 the annual graphite market for Li-ion batteries will reach USD 14 billion. A key driver of this increasing global demand is the growth in the electric vehicle market.

The current global demand for graphite is satisfied either from natural or synthetic graphite. Natural graphite is mined, with the principle export sources of mined graphite in order of tonnage: China, Mexico, Canada, Brazil and Madagascar. Synthetic graphite is produced from fossil fuels like oil and coal. The heavy residues left after the petroleum refining process are subjected to extremely high temperatures converting it into graphite. Both of these methods are neither sustainable nor environmentally friendly. There are also global supply concerns as China produces over 70% of the world’s graphite and 100% of the battery material.

CarbonScape’s technology based on wood as a raw material is CO2 negative in stark contrast to the current two alternative source methods which are both net emitters. CarbonScape claims that it can produce high quality, cost competitive graphite in an environmentally sustainable way whilst at the same time localizing graphite supply. The process requires roughly 10 tonnes of sawdust to produce 1 tonne of graphite. As “modern day carbon miners” CarbonScape recovers 90% of the fixed carbon and converts it into high value graphite Carbonscape will shortly begin a fund-raising phase for the construction of a demonstration plant to move their technology from pilot scale into production. CarbonScape’s vision is to install a graphite manufacturing plant next to large forest and timber-mills world-wide and are therefore looking to develop supply relationships with potential sawdust suppliers globally.

Margules Groome actively support innovative companies in the forest industry and this is an excellent example of turning a low value sawmill by-product into a high value sustainable product.


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Carbon credits working well locally

Rat traps and carbon credits: The native forests offsetting your emissions - Simon Day discovers how the voluntary carbon market allows both individuals and companies to offset their emissions at the same time as investing in native forest regeneration.

When Celia Wade-Brown sold her first batch of carbon credits earned from the native forest on her Wairarapa farm, she had two customers: Z Energy picked up 7,500 credits and her hairdresser, Scout, bought eight. Scout wanted to be as sustainable as possible so it had its annual emissions analysed and measured at 7.5 tonnes of CO2. So Wade-Brown sold it eight credits to offset the business’s environmental impact.

Wade-Brown and her husband bought Duntulm Farm, a former sheep and beef farm in the Mangatarere Valley, in 1987. For the first 20 years, their investment in the regeneration of the native bush was relatively passive and its growth was on the back of the regional council’s pest control. In 2012 they covenanted 99ha of regenerating forest for carbon sequestering. It was when they relocated permanently to the farm in 2017, after Wade-Brown’s tenure as Wellington mayor, that the couple actively invested in the development of the 250 ha block of regenerated native forest and its true potential as a carbon sink and an economic resource.

“We have traps of various sorts to catch rats and mustelids [and] we have started propagating plants that are good for birds. We’ve been on trapping classes,” says Wade-Brown, who was late to our phone call because she’d been out clearing her traps (two rats and a mouse).

So far they have removed nearly a thousand predators. By increasing the biodiversity and protecting the birdlife, the hungry kereru spread the seed and the forest grows. Previously pastoral land is now dense with young kahikatea, totara, manuka, kanuka hebe, and tarata, replenished by the good patch of unlogged forest on the property as a seed source.

“It’s astoundingly different to thirty years ago. It’s all indigenous. The birds and lizards love it. We’re overgrowing the weeds,” says Wade-Brown.

More >>


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Stora Enso: Lignin to replace phenol wood glues

Latvijas Finieris has, together with Stora Enso, taken the next steps towards replacing phenol – in resins used in plywood – with lignin. This new lignin-based glue significantly reduces the carbon footprint of plywood products all the way from production to final end-use applications without compromising on technical performance.

Stora Enso has been working on developing lignin-based resin since 2017 in very close collaboration with Latvijas Finieris. Months of co-development, trials, industrial tests and commitment from both companies eventually led to the development of a lignin-based resin ideal for plywood products.

“Plywood is usually seen as a mature product in a rather mature market. We found the idea of using a lignin- based glue interesting and we welcome new innovations. We received proposals from some other potential suppliers as well, but we wanted to enter into a development partnership with Stora Enso as we already knew each other and had experience about successfully working together in the past,” explains Māris Būmanis, Head of Development Research at Latvijas Finieris.

“Reducing our carbon footprint offers us, as well as our customers, unbeatable environmental sales arguments. The benefits of working with Stora Enso include continuous industrial-scale availability of a wood-based raw material with a traceable origin and, hopefully, also a stable cost structure. This completes extremely well our corporate image as an industry leader,” he continues.

“Results of industrial production trials show that all technical properties of RIGA Plywood remain unchanged when the environmentally friendly glue RIGA ECOlogical is applied, containing Stora Enso’s kraft lignin Lineo™. Of course, it’s only the beginning. Our aim is to develop completely fossil-free plywood glue in the future, although there is still a lot of research work ahead to achieve that,” Būmanis concludes.

More >>


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... and finally ... How cold is it this winter?

Canadian temperature scale - Okay – it hasn’t been a cold winter so far – but it’s time to put it into perspective. Kiwis (and I include myself) for the most part, can’t stand a C-C-C-COLD winter … on the other hand here’s what Canadians (apparently) think of the white season:

The Canadian temperature scale and its associated effects - in both Fahrenheit and Celsius

+70 deg F (21 deg C) - Texans turn on the heat and unpack the thermal underwear. People in Canada go swimming in the lakes.

+60 deg F (16 deg C) - North Carolinians try to turn on the heat. People in Canada plant gardens.

+50 deg F (10 deg C) - Californians shiver uncontrollably. People in Canada sunbathe.

+40 deg F (4 deg C) - Italian & English cars won't start. People in Canada still drive with the windows down.

+32 deg F (0 deg C) - Distilled water freezes. Lake Superior's water gets thicker. People in Canada enjoy a BBQ outdoors in shorts and jandals.

+20 deg F (-7 deg C) - Floridians don coats, thermal underwear, gloves, and woolly hats. People in Canada throw on a flannel shirt.

+15 deg F (-9 deg C) - Philadelphia landlords finally turn up the heat. People in Canada have the last cookout before it gets cold.

0 deg F (-18 deg C) - People in Miami all die... Canadians lick the flagpole.

20 below (-29 deg C) - Californians fly away to Mexico. People in Canada get out their winter coats.

40 below (-40 deg C) - Hollywood disintegrates. The Girl Scouts in Canada are selling cookies door to door.

60 below (-51 deg C) - Polar bears begin to evacuate the Arctic. Canadian Boy Scouts postpone "Winter Survival" classes until it gets cold enough.

80 below (-62 deg C) - Mount St Helens freezes. People in Canada rent some videos.

100 below (-73 deg C) - Santa Claus abandons the North Pole. Canadians get frustrated because they can't thaw the beer keg, eh.

297 below (-183 deg C) - Microbial life no longer survives on dairy products. Cows in Canada complain about farmers with cold hands.

460 below (-273 deg C) - ALL atomic motion stops (absolute zero in the Kelvin scale). People in Canada start saying, "Eh, Cold 'nuff for ya?"



Thanks for keeping up with the latest wood news with us!
Have a safe and productive week.

John Stulen, Editor
Innovatek

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