WoodWeek – 29 April 2020

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Greetings from the brave new world of Level 3. As some 400,000 people returned to their workplaces this week, possibly up to 30,000 of them in forestry, it will bring a bit more normality to their day. However, there is still widespread speculation about how many workers will be made redundant over coming weeks as the full effects of this unprecedented stoppage in our economy become known. For those of us whose lives and livelihoods are derived from forests and wood, we will probably be among the more fortunate of industries.

For everyone involved in forest workplace safety, very shortly we will be announcing details of our Forest Safety & Technology Webinar Series coming in mid-June. We will have a richer experience for all of you as we will deliver to Australia and New Zealand delegates simultaneously. We will be contacting all of our loyal delegates with more details shortly. This series is supported by a long list of sponsors. We would like to thank our Principal Sponsors: McFall Fuel, VicForests, SafeTree and WorkSafe New Zealand. Watch this space for full details.

According to information from Wellington, uptake of the Government’s COVID-19 wage subsidy has been very high among forestry businesses. Nearly 90 per cent of respondents in a Te Uru Rākau forestry sector survey undertaken on 31 March reported they were either receiving or had applied for the subsidy. This covers 4,467 full- time and 75 part-time employees. The Government is committed to supporting all parts of the forestry sector to restart, and ensuring the industry remains financially supported in the meantime.

With the last month making remote working a necessity for most, some of you may have had time to check in our WoodWeek news feed more than just weekly. With news breaking daily on several key industry issues, we have taken the opportunity to add Breaking News sections to the lead stories after we post our weekly Wednesday industry news for you. So, go ahead and check in each afternoon to see what the latest news is.

Te Uru Rakau worked with the sector to develop safe operating protocols across the supply chain, which are available online.

Forestry sector businesses that can operate at Alert Level 3 include:
• Forestry management including aerial spraying, weed and pest management
• Nursery operations, planting and seed collection
• Log harvesting and haulage
• Log sales
• Wood processing

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FOA: Caution urged for working at Level 3

Forest Owners Association President Phil Taylor is cautioning foresters about jumping the gun getting back to work on Tuesday after the lockdown, and that health and safety on the forest work site goes well beyond the COVID-19 protocol observance.

He says the various parts of the supply chain will be back in operation under Alert Level 3 after nearly five weeks of not working, and in some instances even longer.

“The lockdown was unscheduled and had to be rushed through in the course of just two days as we went on to Alert Level 4 and forestry was not deemed as an essential industry. In some places we had to just leave logs on the ground where they were harvested.”

“Our work sites are complex operations and, even when their closedown is planned, there has to be a lot of testing and checking for safe operations before work fully resumes.”

Phil Taylor says that includes checking both the machinery and equipment as well as the earth and roading works in forests.

“We haven’t had much rain over the past month luckily, but nonetheless our forests are a natural environment and things will have potentially changed quite a bit while we have been absent.”

“As well, a number of forest companies have reported acts of vandalism during the lockdown which is obviously disappointing and we need to check for any sabotage.”

“Fortunately, we are allowed to inspect and prepare sites in the days before the supply chain starts up again. I hope everyone gets to do that.”

“But clearly the biggest change when we start up will be complying with the COVID-19 protocols to protect workers for the coronavirus. Our Forest Industry Safety Council has worked through the supply chain to develop a refined set of safety protocols, mostly about safe distancing and cleaning down equipment, and we expect those rules to be complied with, for everyones’ sake.”

Phil Taylor says the forest industry accepted its non-essential industry status when the Alert Level 4 lockdown began, in the interests of keeping the forest industry workforce safe and contributing to the national effort to combat COVID-19.

“So, while the whole supply chain is keen to get back to production and workers can start earning some income again, it would be hugely disappointing to be the sector responsible for the disease rate to go back up again and for New Zealand being thrust back in to Alert Level 4.”

Source: Scoop News


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Minister welcomes forestry return to work

Forestry Minister Shane Jones has hailed a return to work for the forestry industry when the country drops to Alert Level 3 - “The forestry sector has told me they are raring to go. With forestry being among the first industries affected by the fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic, it’s great that businesses across the supply chain are ready and waiting to get back up and running. This includes harvesting, which employs 7,500 people.

“When a sector as big as forestry, which employs 30,000 people across the supply chain nationwide, grinds to a halt, the knock-on effects are huge. The resumption of work at level 3, with strict safety and social distancing protocols in place, is very welcome news.

“I acknowledge the forestry sector’s support for measures the Government is taking. Our approach must be pragmatic and recognise that worker health and safety is paramount,” Shane Jones said.

Te Uru Rakau worked with the sector to develop safe operating protocols across the supply chain, which are available online.

Forestry sector businesses that can operate at Alert Level 3 include:
• Forestry management including aerial spraying, weed and pest management
• Nursery operations, planting and seed collection
• Log harvesting and haulage
• Log sales
• Wood processing

Some forestry businesses continued under Alert Level 4 to process wood for essential goods such as wood for pallets and fuel, and pulp and paper for products such as food and medicine packaging.

A phased restart for the industry has been under way since April 14, with additional businesses across the forestry supply chain restarting operations to ensure those essential supplies are available.

“I’m proud that the forestry and wood-processing sectors have been able to continue to supply essential products like firewood and shipping pallets during this uncertain time. These wood products are vital, whether they’re used to keep our homes warm or to move food around the country,” Shane Jones said.

The Government is committed to supporting all parts of the forestry sector to restart, and ensuring the industry remains financially supported in the meantime.

“We’ve kept an eye on the essential services supply chain and adjusted it as needed, while supporting forestry and wood-processing sector businesses with wage subsidies,” Shane Jones said.

Uptake of the Government’s COVID-19 wage subsidy has been very high among forestry businesses. Nearly 90 per cent of respondents in a Te Uru Rākau forestry sector survey undertaken on 31 March reported they were either receiving or had applied for the subsidy. This covers 4,467 full-time and 75 part-time employees.

Further announcements to support the forestry sector and its large workforce will be made in the next few weeks, Shane Jones said.

Source Scoop News


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UPDATED: Think-local push from minister

UPDATED STORY: According to Shane Jones, there is no likelihood the forestry sector will be operating under a quota system for log exports but the sector can expect greater Government oversight on who is exporting logs and what priority is being given to local processors. Regional Development and Forestry Minister Shane Jones has dispelled speculation he is contemplating a log quota amid his concerns the high premiums being offered by a revived Chinese market threaten the ability of local processors to get up to speed with a Covid-19 recovery.

“A lot of forest owners believe it is not their job to solve the unemployment woes of the downstream sector, it is just to fulfil the requirements of owners.”

Proposals have been put forward by forest owners to establish an accord between owners and processors to ensure better flow of raw material timber into the domestic processing sector.

“We have had a robust meeting. They feel a bit ambushed that I have said we need to investigate the role forest owners have held, where they believe they are men of the manor and the processors water carriers,” Jones said."

One proposal is to ensure log mongers will be regulated, Jones wants a higher level of professionalism, a code of conduct and possibly a register of log exporters.

“I have never said we will hobble exports but we want NZ forest owners to contribute to ongoing employment of New Zealanders downstream.”.

More >>

Source: Farmers Weekly



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Model for forest growth during climate change

Joseph J Landsberg, Richard H Waring and Nicholas C Coops share the 2020 Marcus Wallenberg Prize for a model to predict forest growth in a changing climate. Satellite imagery offers the possibility to scale up the model to show how different environmental conditions affect the world's forests.

In the 1990s, Professors Joseph J Landsberg, from Australia, and Richard H Waring, from the USA, developed a model for forest growth that was based on simple plant physiological principles such as access to light, water, and nutrients. Professor Nicholas C Coops, then working in Australia, now in Canada, added advanced satellite imagery analysis to the model. The result is a powerful tool for predicting growth and assessing the risks to the world's forests posed by climate change. Joseph J Landsberg, Richard H Waring and Nicholas C Coops are awarded the 2020 Marcus Wallenberg Prize of two million kronor for their achievements.

A simple model for difficult calculations

Joseph J Landsberg and Richard H Waring became pioneers when they presented their Physiological Principles Predicting Growth, 3PG model, in 1997 to predict forest growth under changing environmental conditions. The model is also able to calculate how actions, such as thinning and fertilisation, affect forest growth and development.

Forest growth forecasts have traditionally been based on forest surveys of previous growth without the ability to include changes in silviculture or the surrounding environment. A process-based model such as 3PG can also include the effects of silviculture and environmental factors and give predictions of current and future forest production.

“Nowadays, we are extremely interested in the carbon balance of forests, how much carbon can be taken up by the forest via photosynthesis, how carbon can be stored in the forest in the short and long term, and how we can increase the forest's role in carbon binding with the aid of silviculture. 3PG serves as a bridge between traditional forest surveys and the large-scale, advanced carbon-balance calculations we need to carry out today”, says Annika Nordin, Professor at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and a member of the Board of the Marcus Wallenberg Foundation.

Nicholas C Coops has added satellite imagery analysis to the model to enable large areas of forest to be surveyed. Hence it is possible, among other things, to predict forest growth and carbon storage on a large scale, calculate how diversity of the forest landscape can be developed over time, and assess the risk of outbreaks of insects and large forest fires in inaccessible forest areas.

Used by both researchers and forest owners

From the start, Joseph J Landsberg, Richard H Waring and Nicholas C Coops have allowed researchers and forest owners open access to the model. This has contributed to its rapid dissemination and adoption.

3PG is now one of the world's most widely used models for assessing forest growth over large areas. Forest owners use it for purposes such as calculating volume, diameter and biomass development in fast-growing tree plantations. It can be applied to species as diverse as eucalyptus and pine, in monocultures and in mixed species stands, across different climates and landscape types from Australia and New Zealand to Europe and North America.

“Joseph Landsberg, Richard Waring and Nicholas Coops are awarded this year's Marcus Wallenberg Prize for providing us with a unique tool that is able to predict forest growth with great certainty in different environmental conditions in forest areas of varying sizes. The model has created a bridge between science and practice in forestry and helps us to be better equipped for the future", says Johanna Buchert, Chairperson of the Marcus Wallenberg Prize Selection Committee.

King Carl Gustaf XVI will award the 2020 Marcus Wallenberg Prize to these three scientists during a ceremony in Stockholm, Sweden.

The prize-winners

Nicholas C Coops was born in Melbourne, Australia, in 1968 and received his PhD at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology in Australia in 1995. Until 2003 he was employed at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, CSIRO, Australia, where he initially worked on the 3PG model with Joseph J Landsberg and Richard H Waring. Today he is a Professor at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, where he holds a Canada Research Chair in remote sensing. His research has focused on the use of remote sensing techniques to gain an in‐depth knowledge of forest structure, health, biological function and diversity as well as further development and application of the 3PG model globally. He has published more than 460 scientific articles in joint authorship in scientific journals.

Joseph J Landsberg was born in Harare, Zimbabwe, in 1938. He graduated from the University of Natal and spent a number of years in agricultural research before moving to Scotland, then England. He obtained his PhD from the University of Bristol, UK. His research has focused on the interactions between climate, weather and forests around the world. He was Chief of the Division of Forest Research in the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, CSIRO, from 1981 to 1988 and has been Adjunct Professor at Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, and at the University of Queensland, Brisbane – all in Australia. He was a visiting professor at NASA between 1993 and 1994, and at the University of Helsinki, Finland, in 1998. He is an External Member of the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters and was the holder of a Visiting Erskine Fellowship at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand in 2002. He has published four books concerned with the physiological ecology of forests as well as more than a hundred articles, reports and chapters in books.

Richard H Waring was born in 1935 in Chicago, Illinois, USA, and received degrees in Forest Management and Botany from the University of Minnesota. After receiving his PhD at the University of California, he was a professor at Oregon State University. He has been a visiting researcher at many universities and research institutions around the world – The Ecosystems Centre in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, and NASA headquarters in Washington DC, both in the USA; the University of Western Australia in Perth, Australia; the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Uppsala, Sweden; the University of Innsbruck, Austria; the University of Edinburgh, UK; the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, CSIRO, in Canberra, Australia; and the University of Waikato, New Zealand. He is now Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Forest Science at Oregon State University, USA, and has published more than 130 articles in scientific journals, along with three editions of a textbook on Forest Ecosystems and numerous book chapters.

Photo: Nicholas C Coops, Joseph J Landsberg and Richard H Waring share the 2020 Marcus Wallenberg Prize.

Source: MyNewsDesk


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Forest investment promoter responds to Minister

Roger Dickie is a long-term promotor of forest investment for New Zealand and overseas investors. He went public to say he thinksAdrian Loo's comments are right on target. He has also spoken with a wide range of forest owners who are appalled at the way the Minister of Forestry has spoken in such derogatory terms about forest owners.

Roger Dickie says "One assumes his actions are some sort of cheap shot to increase his electoral prospects in Northland. That he would even propose the idea of confiscation of private property rights from tens of thousands of New Zealanders is abhorrent.

Read more for a list of factual points Roger Dickie listed that are relevant to the discussion raised by the Minister.


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Log exports annual summary at a glance



Source: Champion Freight


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Mainlanders welcome log trade resumption

Log trade to resume in South Canterbury following industry jam - South Canterbury's log export industry is set for a long-awaited resumption after taking a hit during the Covid-19 pandemic.

TPT Forests shipping manager Jason Smith confirmed the 32,000 tonne bulk carrier Hainan Island is scheduled to arrive in Timaru on Sunday to pick up 22,000 cubic metres of Blakely Pacific and Laurie Forestry logs bound for South Korea and China.

The Western Maple, also a 32,000 tonne bulk carrier, would follow on May 5 and take 10,000 cubic metres of logs to China, he said.

"Everyone is over the moon, it's nice to get back to work as it's a big industry."

Evan MacClure, a Timaru-based director for Forest Management (FM) said the industry was welcoming the move to alert level 3.

"I think the thing to be aware of is that our industry got hit with C19 as early as January because in China, all the orders stopped and things were very difficult," he said.

While a move to alert level 3 meant a return to work, it was not business as usual, he said.

"Most of our guys are in machines, they have their own bubbles, the cartage companies can now start carting to and from from the port, they can do things electronically, with images of documents for example.

More >>



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New mill map now available

This story continues to be popular last week so we've decided to run it again - Every two years we highlight who's who in Australasia’s wood processing and manufacturing industry on our popular FIEA Forest Products Industry Map. Our 2020 map has just been printed.

This is our fourth edition of the full colour 980mm x 680mm map. It features 171 wood processing operations including over 65 sawmills cutting in excess of 25,000m3 sawn lumber per annum (with sawn production levels), all fibreboard, particleboard, plywood, pulp & paper, veneer/LVL/CLT, paperboard and chip export operations along with major wood manufacturing operations.

Since the last edition produced in early 2018 there have been over 50 major updates to mill locations, ownership and production. Changes in the last two years have indeed been significant. Our new map is now the most up-to-date industry reference providing an essential mapping resource for New Zealand and Australian forest products companies.

A folded copy of the map will be inserted into FIEA's industry partner magazine issues in April/May. But they often disappear from the magazines quickly, so you can purchase your own folded or flat laminated copies of the new map now before we sell out.

So, you can place your own orders now on the FIEA website (www.fiea.org.nz) or by clicking here.

Note: Orders are being taken now and the maps will be posted as soon as we can.



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NSW - Government to assist affected businesses

$140 million funding for agribusiness and forestry amid COVID-19 downturn - The NSW Government has pumped an extra $140 million into the forestry, horticulture and agriculture industries impacted by the bushfires as part of a new recovery fund.

Bushfire recovery efforts are continuing throughout the Eden-Monaro and South Coast regions despite ongoing setbacks due to COVID-19 and its social distancing and isolation requirements.

The NSW Minister for Disaster Recovery – and Deputy Premier and state member for Monaro – John Barilaro said the package will help inject life into struggling rural industries that are suffering on multiple fronts.

“Communities in the Monaro are doing it tough, from drought to bushfires and now dealing with the impact of COVID-19,” said Mr Barilaro.

“Bushfire-impacted towns cannot afford to suffer further job losses and economic downturn, which is why we are delivering this funding to keep our key regional industries in business.

“Industries with the greatest impact will be given the greatest share of this funding. The program will focus on recovery in the short-term and will support valuable investments to help these sectors plan for recovery in the longer term.”

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Ponsse launches new harvester head

A new harvester head has been designed for the Ponsse Bear harvester, but it is ideal for track-based machines. The H8HD Euca is an effective tool in forests where the diameter of eucalypt stems can be up to 50 cm (19.7 in).

The new H8HD Euca is able to efficiently carry out the task of debarking. The geometry of the new harvester head’s debarking knives and feed rollers improves the efficiency of H8HD Euca in debarking and processing both smaller and larger stems. Ponsse’s heavy-duty frame structure means that the new harvester head can withstand the extreme loads of track-based machines.

The Ponsse H8HD Euca harvester head has been optimised to debark trees. Its feed rollers and debarking knives provide good debarking results. The solid frame and robust tilt frame give the harvester head the durability needed in debarking. Automated functions control saw movements according to the tree diameter and saw bar position and allow trees to be cut quickly.

All Ponsse harvester heads are manufactured and designed at the Ponsse factory in Vieremä. The design process is comprehensive and covers, in addition to mechanical parts, the electronic control system, controls and software. The manufacturing process is highly automated to ensure high quality and measuring accuracy. Durable hoses and delimbing knives form an important part of reliability.

More >>

Source: Ponsse




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UK: Mass timber stadium wins approval

UK firm, Zaha Hadid Architects has won planning permission for the world's first mass timber football stadium. It will be the home of Forest Green Rovers Football Club in Gloucestershire.

Upon completion, the ambition is to be the world's greenest football stadium, constructed entirely from timber and powered by sustainable energy sources. The first application for the 5,000-seater timber stadium was blocked in 2019. However, this second attempt was successful and approved by the local council.

Zaha Hadid Architects originally won the competition to design the stadium back in 2016. The whole structure will be built entirely from resourced wood, including the louvred cladding and cantilever roof. A specialist membrane will cover the stadium. This will allow the grass to grow naturally under the sunlight whilst reducing shadows that could distract players and the crowd during the action.

The football club is chaired by Dale Vince, founder of green electricity company Ecotricity. This connection was the driving force behind the need for renewable energy for the current and long-term objectives of the club.

The contemporary stadium has an organic grass pitch watered with recycled rainwater and makes use of photovoltaic panels to power its floodlights. The pitch is mowed through an electric-powered "mow bot" that makes use of GPS technology. It robotically cuts the grass, with the grass clippings given to neighbourhood farmers to put on their soil.

Source: constructionglobal.com

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Australia: BBC commentary on worst bushfires in history

(BBC) - Australia experienced the worst bushfire season ever in 2019-2020 with fires blazing for months in large parts of the country. Around 126,000 square kilometres of land and thousands of buildings were destroyed and at least 33 people died.

Many animals were injured or killed because of the flames and the damage done to their habitat.

Victoria and New South Wales were the worst affected and the situation was so bad that a state of emergency was declared in the capital city, Canberra.

BBC's 'Newsround' team went to the Blue Mountains near Sydney in February to find out what it was like for people living near the fires.

More about the Australian bushfires >>


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Carbon capture captivates corporations

Could Microsoft’s climate crisis ‘moonshot’ plan really work? - Microsoft has an ambitious plan to remove carbon from the atmosphere.

The tech giant’s pledge to go carbon negative by 2030 leans heavily on nascent technology such as machines that suck carbon out of the air.

Microsoft drew widespread praise in January this year after Brad Smith, the company’s president, announced their climate “moonshot”.

While other corporate giants, such as Amazon and Walmart, were pledging to go carbon neutral, Microsoft vowed to go carbon negative by 2030, meaning they would be removing more carbon from the atmosphere than they produced.

By 2050, Smith added, the company was aiming to remove all of the carbon they had ever emitted since being founded in 1975.

The firm’s promises won plaudits from conservationists and climate conscious Microsoft employees, but also attracted big questions: how are they going to actually deliver this?

Much of its plans lean on nascent technology. Critics, meanwhile, see the move as a gamble aimed at justifying Microsoft’s ongoing deals with fossil fuel firms.

Microsoft releases less carbon a year than Amazon and Apple, but more than Google. The company has 150,000 employees across offices in more than 100 countries, and is still focused on developing the software and consumer electronics that made them a household name – Windows, PCs, Xbox. But after a temporary slump following their heyday in the 1990s, they have also once again become innovators, developing world-leading artificial intelligence (AI) and cloud computing products.

The company hopes to bring that innovative approach to its climate policies, in part by widening how it calculates its carbon footprint, beyond most corporate responsibility plans. Historically, Microsoft has only counted those emissions that fall within the scope of their own business operations – employee travel, company vehicles, heat and electricity in company buildings, and so on.

From now on, it plans to take responsibility for the emissions produced by its entire supply chain, including the full lifespan of the products it makes and the electricity that customers may consume when using its products.

Meanwhile, increasing the scrutiny on Microsoft’s plan are its dealings with fossil fuel companies, which have been highlighted by some as evidence of hypocrisy as it makes climate pledges. In 2019 alone, the technology company had entered into long-term partnerships with three major oil companies, including ExxonMobil, that will be using Microsoft’s technology to expand oil production by as much as 50,000 barrels a day over the coming years. The staggering amount of carbon this would release into the atmosphere would not be included on Microsoft’s expanded carbon ledger.

For Microsoft, however, partnering with oil companies is not considered hypocritical. The company is hedging its climate bets on carbon capture and removal technologies that they believe will be able to offset some of the environmental harm caused by fossil fuels during the transition to a more sustainable future, despite such technologies being still in their nascent stages and not yet proven to work at scale.

Those who devised the plan at Microsoft argue that they are responding directly to a new reality: cutting emissions is not enough and all routes to non-catastrophic temperature increase will also require removing carbon from the atmosphere. So, as well as shifting to a 100% supply of renewable energy for all of their data centers, buildings and campuses by 2025, Microsoft outlines a number of carbon reduction methods it is backing to try and hit its bold targets.

Protecting forests

To begin, Microsoft will focus on protecting forests and planting trees to capture carbon. This strategy has long been used to offset emissions, but Microsoft is hoping to improve their outcomes by using remote-sensing technology to accurately estimate the carbon storage potential of forests to ensure no major deforestation is occurring in their allotments. To achieve these goals, Microsoft will be partnering with Pachama, a Silicon Valley startup that will survey 60,000 hectares of rainforest in the Amazon, plus an additional 20,000 hectares across north-eastern states of the US for the company.

According to Kelsey Perlman, a climate campaigner at the forest conservation NGO Fern, Microsoft’s commitment to hi-tech reforestation is encouraging, but she stressed that conservation is a complex, multifaceted process that goes beyond technical issues. “It’s not only about how much carbon a forest can hold but also who traditionally uses the forest, how they might be kept out, and how biodiversity will be prioritized,” she said.

Image: ‘We’re just trying to do what the science says the whole world needs to do,’ said Lucas Joppa, chief environmental officer at Microsoft. Illustration: Greg Betza/The Guardian

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Source: The Guardian


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Kauri forest dieback pine connection

Kauri forest dieback fungi focus - Findings show soil surrounding Kauri forests lacks protective microbes - A new study suggests that kauri dieback may be connected to the lack of protective fungi in plantation pine forest soil.

Published in FEMS Microbiology Ecology, the study by Bio-Protection Research Centre PhD candidate Alexa Byers and others looked at the differences in the bacteria and fungi living in the soil of kauri forest and surrounding pine plantations in the Waipoua area of Northland.

She found soil in the pine forests neighbouring kauri forests lacked several species of fungi and bacteria that protect plants, promote growth, and improve their health (for example, Trichoderma and Pseudomonas).

“The loss of core microbiota from native soil microbial communities… surrounding remnant kauri fragments could be altering the forest’s ability to respond to pathogen invasion,” Ms Byers wrote. “Understanding the ecological impacts of these changes to the soil microbial communities surrounding remaining kauri fragments is important to protect the long-term health and functioning of these fragments.”

She also found some non-native fungi were now present in kauri forest soil. The introduction of invasive species into native ecosystems through non-native trees was a recognised driver of disease in forests, Ms Byers wrote. “The differences in soil microbial diversity between forest systems could potentially result in the exposure of kauri fragments to introduced microbial communities which now have kauri within their range. This risk is particularly high for Phytophthora species, with the plant nursery trade being identified as a vector for introduction and dispersal into new ecosystems globally.” Kauri dieback is caused by Phytophthora agathidicida. One of Ms Byers’ supervisors and a co-author of the study, Dr Amanda Black said the results showed more research was needed into the relationship between fragmented kauri forests and the pine and pasture ecosystems surrounding them.

“We have just 7,500 ha of original kauri forest left, and it exists as fragments, surrounded by 60,000 ha of plantation forests and regenerating kauri forest,” Dr Black said. “We need to understand what part this plays in the spread of kauri dieback.”

More >>

Source: Bio-Protection Research


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Jobs



Buy and Sell



... and finally ... just for a joke

But wait, there's more lockdown laughs: This Coronavirus has done something no woman has been able to do. Cancel all sports, shutdown all bars and keep men at home.

Police these days are yelling out to criminals ... “Come out with your hands washed!”

What? ... I just saw a burglar kicking his own door in. I asked him what he was doing. he replied I'm working from home.

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Many comedians will tell you how hard they have to work at earning a living getting laughs in front of live audiences night after night. Now, for a completely different view, here's a famous Australian comedian showing you how easy it really is:



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Finally, some real boomer jokes to go out on:

Q: What do you call a person who remembers what they did at Woodstock?
A: A Liar.

Q: Why couldn't the lifeguard save the hippie?
A: He was too far out, man!



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John Stulen, Editor

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